This is the ultimate guide for working with MacBook keyboards, including accessing special functions, characters, accents, and using keyboard shortcuts in Mac OS system. Click on the list below to jump to an appropriate section.
MacBook Keyboard Diagram / Map
MacBook keyboard has few distinctive sections: Function keys (in light blue), which provides access to various functions in MacBook itself or Mac OS system. By combining them with the FN key, you'll get access to F1 - F12 keys, which can be associated with particular application features (useful in Photoshop for example).
The second section is the modifier keys (in light yellow). Shift allows to type uppercase letters and other additional characters. Command and Alt/Option are used in keyboard shortcuts, as well as the Control key, which is used almost exclusively by Mac OS X and Apple programs.
Return and left Shift has two variants, one used in the US and Eastern Asia (horizontal Return and long Shift), and second, used in Europe, Middle East and Africa (vertical Return and short left Shift). On the diagram, this is shown by dashed lines. Of course, MacBook keyboards have lots of localizations, the most common - US English - is shown above. If you're unsure about the localization you have, go and check it with this guide.
(If you don't see the Downloads window, choose Tools Downloads.) Double-click Install Adobe Acrobat Reader DC to start the installation. When asked if you are sure that you want to open the file, click Open. Tap this shortcut to immediately lock your machine. Touch Bar tip No. 1 If you use a MacBook Pro with the Touch Bar, you can press Shift-Command-6 to grab an image of what is on your Touch Bar. Click Save Image to 'Downloads'. It's in the context menu. This will prompt the photo to download immediately into your Mac's 'Downloads' folder, which is usually a folder literally named 'Downloads'. If you're using a browser other than Safari, you can click Save Image As instead. This option will allow you to select a name and a specific. To use a keyboard shortcut, press and hold one or more modifier keys and then press the last key of the shortcut. For example, to use Command-C (copy), press and hold the Command key, then the C key, then release both keys. Mac menus and keyboards often use symbols for certain keys, including modifier keys.
MacBook Air 11' has slightly different keyboard, with smaller top and bottom row keys to accommodate smaller laptop size. Newest MacBooks Pro with TouchBar don't have upper F keys row, instead, they have a touchscreen which changes displayed options based on context.
MacBook Keyboard Symbols Chart
|Screen brightness down|
|Screen brightness up|
|Launches Mission Control||Icon available on MacBooks Unibody|
|Launches Mission Control||Icon available on MacBooks pre-unibody|
|Launches Dashboard||Icon available on MacBooks Unibody|
|Launches Dashboard||Icon available on MacBooks pre-unibody|
|Keyboard backlight down|
|Keyboard backlight up|
|Play / Pause|
|Sound: volume down|
|Sound: volume up|
|Eject||Available on MacBooks with CD/DVD drive|
|Power||Available on MacBooks without CD/DVD drive|
|Command||On MacBooks 1st generation this is replaced by Apple logo|
|Alt / Option||Available on European/ISO keyboard layouts|
|Tab||Available on European/ISO keyboard layouts|
|Backspace||Available on European/ISO keyboard layouts|
|Shift||Available on European/ISO keyboard layouts|
|Caps Lock||Available on European/ISO keyboard layouts|
|Return||Available on European/ISO keyboard layouts|
|Enter||Available on European/ISO keyboard layouts, accessed with FN key|
|Delete||Not on MacBooks, but worth knowing|
|Clear||Not on MacBooks, but worth knowing|
|Home||Not on MacBooks, but worth knowing. Can be substituted by CMD + up arrow shortcut.|
|End||Not on MacBooks, but worth knowing. Can be substituted by CMD + down arrow shortcut.|
|Page Up||Not on MacBooks, but worth knowing|
|Page Down||Not on MacBooks, but worth knowing|
|Arrows||Used to move things or pointer|
MacBook Keyboard Special Characters and Accents Map
But using keyboard shortcuts can help you do many things much faster on your Mac. You can control your system, work with documents, and navigate quicker and easier than you probably think. For a nice reference you can bookmark, here are 50 common keyboard shortcuts that all Mac users should know.
If you want to type special characters or accents, change your keyboard language to US International PC (thanks, Steve!) and use the map below to get them. You can also check out our solution to the two languages on one keyboard problem.
Where is the Print Screen Button?
Unlike PC keyboard, there is no Print Screen key on MacBook keyboard. This functionality is accessed by keyboard shortcuts and - on Mac - you have greater flexibility:
- Command + Shift + 3 - captures entire screen;
- Command + Shift + 4 - captures selected region. Your cursor turns to crosshair and by clicking and dragging you can specify which area you want to capture;
- Command + Shift + 4 + Space - captures selected window. First press the shortcut from above, then - when you have crosshair - hit Space. The cursor will turn to the camera and the active window will have a blue overlay. Click on it to get it captured.
In some apps, like Photoshop, you need to add Control into the mix, to paste the screenshot into the app.
MacBook Keyboard Tricks
There's a lot you can do in Mac OS by using the keyboard only. Here's a list of highly useful and not-so-useful keyboard shortcuts:
|Command + W||Quickly closes the active window in Safari or any other browser. Works also with many applications, like Pages, Numbers, Photoshop. Great way to quickly close something when your boss is coming around :)|
|Command + H||Hides the active application. Useful for hiding something quickly ;)|
|Option + Shift + F11/F12||Makes tiny changes in volume level instead of standard jumps.|
|Control + Option + Command + 8||Reverses colors on the screen.|
|1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9||When watching YouTube video, this will advance you to 10%, 20%, 30%... of movie completion.|
|Option + Delete||Deletes whole word in text editors|
|Control + Command + V||Pastes copied text without formatting. Useful when copying something from Pages and pasting into eg. Wordpress :)|
|Control + Command + Option + Eject/Shutdown||Shuts down the MacBook without the need to provide username and password.|
|Command + Shift + A||Opens the Applications folder in Finder.|
|Command + Shift + U||Opens the Utilities folder in Finder.|
|Command + Shift + D||Opens the Desktop folder in Finder.|
|Command + Shift + I||When in Safari, this shortcut copies the URL, opens Mail app and creates a new email with the copied URL pasted as a link in a message.|
|Command + Option + M||Minimizes all open windows, showing Desktop.|
|Command + Option + Shift + Esc||Hold for 3 seconds to force quit any app.|
|Command + Tab||Cycle through opened apps from left to right.|
|Command + Shift + Tab||Cycle through opened apps from right to left.|
|Command + `||Cycles through active app windows.|
|Command + Q||Quit active app.|
|Command + T||Opens a new tab in Finder. Opens a new tab in a web browser.|
|Command + N||Creates new Finder window.|
|Command + Shift + N||Creates new folder in Finder.|
|Command + Space||Launches Spotlight.|
|Command + Option + Space||Switches to next keyboard language (if you have more than one).|
|Command + Control + Space||In some websites and apps this will give you the emoji keyboard.|
|Command + Delete||Sends selected files/folders to trash.|
|Fn + Delete||Deletes text from left to right.|
|F10 + Shutdown||Hold while launching MacBook to get a silent start.|
|Command + up arrow/down arrow||Jump to the beginning or end of a page. This is equivalent to PC's Home and End keys.|
|Command + up arrow + L||Highlights the address bar in a web browser.|
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