This page describes how to install and uninstall JDK 8 for OS X computers.
This page has these topics:
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See 'JDK 8 and JRE 8 Installation Start Here' for general information about installing JDK 8 and JRE 8.
See 'OS X Platform Install FAQ' for general information about installing JDK 8 on OS X.
Observe the following requirements:
Any Intel-based computer running OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion) or later.
Note that installing the JDK on OS X is performed on a system wide basis, for all users, and administrator privileges are required. You cannot install Java for a single user.
Installing the JDK also installs the JRE. The one exception is that the system will not replace the current JRE with a lower version. To install a lower version of the JRE, first uninstall the current version as described in 'Uninstalling the JRE'.
JDK Installation Instructions
When you install the Java Development Kit (JDK), the associated Java Runtime Environment (JRE) is installed at the same time. The JavaFX SDK and Runtime are also installed and integrated into the standard JDK directory structure.
Depending on your processor, the downloaded file has one of the following names:
version is 6 or later.
Download the file.
Before the file can be downloaded, you must accept the license agreement.
From either the Downloads window of the browser, or from the file browser, double click the
.dmgfile to launch it.
A Finder window appears containing an icon of an open box and the name of the
Double click the package icon to launch the Install app.
The Install app displays the Introduction window.
Note:In some cases, a Destination Select window appears. This is a bug, as there is only one option available. If you see this window, select Install for all users of this computer to enable the Continue button.
The Installation Type window appears.
A window appears that says 'Installer is trying to install new software. Type your password to allow this.'
Enter the Administrator login and password and click Install Software.
The software is installed and a confirmation window appears.
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk-for-mac-readme-1564562.htmlfor more information about the installation.
After the software is installed, delete the
.dmgfile if you want to save disk space.
Determining the Default Version of the JDK
If you have not yet installed Apple's Java OS X 2012-006 update, then you are still using a version of Apple Java 6 that includes the plug-in and the Java Preferences app. See 'Note for Users of OS X that Include Apple Java 6 Plug-in'.
There can be multiple JDKs installed on a system, as many as you wish.
When launching a Java application through the command line, the system uses the default JDK. It is possible for the version of the JRE to be different than the version of the JDK.
You can determine which version of the JDK is the default by typing
java -version in a Terminal window. If the installed version is 8u6, you will see a string that includes the text 1.8.0_06. For example:
To run a different version of Java, either specify the full path, or use the
For more information, see the java_home(1) man page.
Uninstalling the JDK
To uninstall the JDK, you must have Administrator privileges and execute the remove command either as root or by using the sudo(8) tool.
For example, to uninstall 8u6:
Do not attempt to uninstall Java by removing the Java tools from
/usr/bin. This directory is part of the system software and any changes will be reset by Apple the next time you perform an update of the OS.
The full version string for this update release is 11.0.9+10 (where '+' means 'build'). The version number is 11.0.9.
Complete release notes for Java 11 can be found here.
IANA Data 2020a
JDK 11.0.9 contains IANA time zone data version 2020a. For more information, refer to Timezone Data Versions in the JRE Software.
The security baselines for the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) at the time of the release of JDK 11.0.7 are specified in the following table:
JRE Family Version = JRE Security Baseline (Full Version String)
- 11 = 11.0.9+7
- 8 = 1.8.0_271-b09
Oracle JDK Expiration Date
Oracle recommends that the JDK is updated with each Critical Patch Update (CPU). In order to determine if a release is the latest, the following Security Baseline page can be used to determine which is the latest version for each release family.
Critical patch updates, which contain security vulnerability fixes, are announced one year in advance on Critical Patch Updates, Security Alerts and Bulletins. It is not recommended that this JDK (version 11.0.9) be used after the next critical patch update scheduled for January 19, 2021.
➜ Weak Named Curves in TLS, CertPath, and Signed JAR Disabled by Default
- Weak named curves are disabled by default by adding them to the following disabledAlgorithms security properties: jdk.tls.disabledAlgorithms, jdk.certpath.disabledAlgorithms, and jdk.jar.disabledAlgorithms. The named curves are listed below.
- With 47 weak named curves to be disabled, adding individual named curves to each disabledAlgorithms property would be overwhelming. To relieve this, a new security property, jdk.disabled.namedCurves, is implemented that can list the named curves common to all of the disabledAlgorithms properties. To use the new property in the disabledAlgorithms properties, precede the full property name with the keyword include. Users can still add individual named curves to disabledAlgorithms properties separate from this new property. No other properties can be included in the disabledAlgorithms properties.
- To restore the named curves, remove the include jdk.disabled.namedCurves either from specific or from all disabledAlgorithms security properties. To restore one or more curves, remove the specific named curve(s) from the jdk.disabled.namedCurves property.
- Curves that are disabled through jdk.disabled.namedCurves include the following: secp112r1, secp112r2, secp128r1, secp128r2, secp160k1, secp160r1, secp160r2, secp192k1, secp192r1, secp224k1, secp224r1, secp256k1, sect113r1, sect113r2, sect131r1, sect131r2, sect163k1, sect163r1, sect163r2, sect193r1, sect193r2, sect233k1, sect233r1, sect239k1, sect283k1, sect283r1, sect409k1, sect409r1, sect571k1, sect571r1, X9.62 c2tnb191v1, X9.62 c2tnb191v2, X9.62 c2tnb191v3, X9.62 c2tnb239v1, X9.62 c2tnb239v2, X9.62 c2tnb239v3, X9.62 c2tnb359v1, X9.62 c2tnb431r1, X9.62 prime192v2, X9.62 prime192v3, X9.62 prime239v1, X9.62 prime239v2, X9.62 prime239v3, brainpoolP256r1, brainpoolP320r1, brainpoolP384r1, brainpoolP512r1
- Curves that remain enabled are: secp256r1, secp384r1, secp521r1, X25519, X448. See JDK-8233228
➜ Support for Kerberos Cross-Realm Referrals (RFC 6806)
- The Kerberos client has been enhanced with the support of principal name canonicalization and cross-realm referrals, as defined by the RFC 6806 protocol extension.
- As a result of this new feature, the Kerberos client can take advantage of more dynamic environment configurations and does not necessarily need to know (in advance) how to reach the realm of a target principal (user or service).
- Support is enabled by default and 5 is the maximum number of referral hops allowed. To turn it off, set the sun.security.krb5.disableReferrals security or system property to false. To configure a custom maximum number of referral hops, set the sun.security.krb5.maxReferrals security or system property to any positive value.
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